Re-opening boost fades as supply disruptions mount

Economies across Emerging Europe enjoyed a rapid rebound in Q2, but all the signs suggest that the recovery has come off the boil in Q3. Surveys of sentiment in services sectors have started to flatline and, in some cases, fall. What’s more, hard activity data show that supply chain disruptions and raw materials shortages have taken a greater toll on industry. Manufacturing in Poland’s electronics sector has fallen sharply and auto sectors in Czechia and Hungary have been hit hard. We think economies will still post robust rises in GDP in Q3, but the risks lie to the downside and suggest that the regional recovery may return to a steadier pace of growth earlier than we had expected.
William Jackson Chief Emerging Markets Economist
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Emerging Europe Economics Weekly

Lira crisis, MNB hikes, Ukraine-IMF, Romanian politics

This week has been dominated by the collapse in the Turkish lira and all our research on the crisis can be found here. While Turkey’s problems have been driven by a ‘head-in-the-sand’ approach to inflation and falls in the lira, Hungary’s central bank tightened policy further this week amid signs that officials across Central Europe are taking the inflation fight more seriously and becoming less tolerant of currency weakness. Elsewhere, the early signs are that a new grand coalition in Romania does not have the appetite for much-needed austerity. Finally, the latest tranche of IMF funds provide a welcome boost for Ukraine’s economy.
Drop-In: Why is Asia sitting out the global inflation surge? 09:00 GMT/17:00 HKT, Thursday 2nd December https://event.on24.com/wcc/r/3546145/A9D34EF592141BEFCAC819ADB40359D5?partnerref=report

26 November 2021

Emerging Europe Economics Update

Turkey: how strong is the fiscal picture?

Turkey’s public finances have become more vulnerable to falls in the currency in recent years, although we think the likelihood of sovereign default is very low. Perhaps the bigger risk for the public finances is that the pressure on the central bank to focus on growth is matched by a shift to a looser fiscal stance, causing the debt dynamics to worsen.

25 November 2021

Emerging Europe Economics Update

Macro fundamentals to support further shekel strength

The Israeli shekel has appreciated sharply in the past few weeks, making it one of the best performing currencies during the pandemic. While we don’t expect this recent strength to continue in the very near term, we think that Israel’s macro fundamentals will support further appreciation over the next few years. In view of the wider interest, we are also sending this Emerging Europe Update to clients of our FX Markets service.

24 November 2021

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Headwinds facing metals exporters

It looks like EM exports rose further in August and, possibly, September too. And while we expect them to decline over the coming quarters, they will remain elevated. However, China’s property slowdown means that the risks to the export outlook for some metals producers are larger.

29 September 2021

Middle East Chart Book

Rise in inflation to prove short-lived

Inflation in many economies in the region has risen to multi-year highs in recent months. In general, this has been driven higher by a combination of unfavourable base effects from the pandemic, as well as some re-opening inflation and the effects of rising global commodity prices. In Oman, those effects have been compounded by the introduction of VAT in April. Most of the drivers appear to be transient and inflation is likely to slow again over 2022-23 and, in Egypt, this is likely to bring interest rate cuts back on to the agenda. One key exception is Lebanon, where inflation is already running at over 100% and will remain elevated amid the effects of the collapse in the pound and the repeal of subsidies.

28 September 2021

Latin America Chart Book

External headwinds growing

Falling new virus cases and the lifting of restrictions have boosted economies across the region in Q3, but the deteriorating external backdrop will put a lid on growth from here. Even with an orderly resolution to the Evergrande saga, a slowdown in China’s property sector will weigh on Latin American commodity producers, particularly Chile and Peru, over the coming quarters. Meanwhile, weakening US growth is a headwind to exporters, particularly in Mexico. As a result, regardless of developments on the virus and vaccine front, we expect that the regional recovery will slow over the coming quarters.

28 September 2021
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