Brazil: signs of stagflation

The multitude of supply shocks hitting Brazil’s economy are likely to keep inflation at 7-10% well into next year and cause the pace of recovery to slow to a crawl in the next few quarters. Overall, we now expect GDP growth of just 1.3% next year, which sits below the consensus.
William Jackson Chief Emerging Markets Economist
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Latin America Data Response

Brazil GDP (Q3 2021)

The 0.1% q/q fall in Brazilian GDP in Q3 confirmed that problems in the agricultural and industrial sectors tipped the economy into a technical recession. And with financial conditions tightening, the terms of trade worsening, and the threat from the new Omicron variant, the risks to our GDP growth forecast for next year of 1.3% are skewed firmly to the downside. Copom may temper its hawkish sentiment a bit at its meeting next week, with a 150bp hike (rather than 175bp) now looking more likely.

2 December 2021

Latin America Economics Update

Red-hot Chile set to cool

Chile’s economy has been operating above potential for several months but there are signs that activity is starting to cool. And policy tightening, falls in copper prices and the possibility of more stringent virus restrictions in light of the Omicron variant mean that growth will slow sharply over the coming quarters.

1 December 2021

Latin America Economics Weekly

New face at Banxico, Chile election wrap-up

The unexpected change in the nomination for Banxico’s next governor, to Victoria Rodríguez from Arturo Herrera, hit investor confidence but we don't think this switch alters the outlook for Banxico’s gradual tightening cycle. Meanwhile, investors initially cheered the result of Chile’s first-round presidential election but with political risks unlikely to fade soon, and copper prices set to fall further, we see little upside in Chilean local markets from here. Drop-In: Why is Asia sitting out the global inflation surge? 09:00 GMT/17:00 HKT, Thursday 2nd December

26 November 2021

More from William Jackson

Latin America Data Response

Brazil IPCA (Sep.)

The jump in Brazilian inflation to 10.2% y/y in September was largely a result of the hike in household electricity tariffs last month and, while the headline rate is at – or very close to – a peak, it will remain at 8-10% in the coming months. That’s likely to prompt another couple of 100bp rate hikes from the central bank, to 8.25%, before the year is out.

8 October 2021

Latin America Economics Update

Lessons from Brazil’s 2001/02 energy crisis

The threat of energy shortages looms over Brazil once again. The country’s experience with electricity rationing in 2001/02 offers a useful guide about how the situation may pan out. We estimate that this episode knocked about 1%-pt off GDP growth, added roughly 2%-pts to inflation, and caused Copom to become more hawkish. This suggests that the risks to our current growth forecasts clearly lie to the downside, and that the central bank’s aggressive tightening cycle could ramp up.

7 October 2021

Emerging Markets Economics Update

China’s long-term property decline: the fallout for EMs

Irrespective of how the current problems in China’s property sector are resolved, property construction there is entering a period of structural decline. Among other EMs, the main effects will be felt in metals producers in Latin America and Africa, adding to reasons to expect weak long-term growth in countries such as Brazil and South Africa. In view of the wider interest, we have made this Emerging Markets Update available to clients of our Long Run Service

7 October 2021
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