The surge in commodity prices will drive stronger regional growth than the consensus expects this year, but not all economies in Latin America will benefit. While Brazil and Colombia will see a terms of trade windfall – we expect GDP growth in both countries to beat consensus expectations in 2022 – major oil importers such as Chile and Peru will lose out. Meanwhile, inflation will be higher across the region and monetary policy tighter than most analysts anticipate over the next 6-12 months.
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