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EZ Unemployment (Oct.)

While labour market conditions continued to improve in October, the recent deterioration of the Covid situation and increased uncertainty due to the Omicron variant are likely to mean the recovery takes a breather over the next couple of months, just as it did when restrictions were in place at the start of 2021.
Stefan Posea Assistant Economist
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European Economics Focus

Why we expect a euro-zone recession

We think the euro-zone will soon fall into recession as high inflation, tighter monetary policy and weak global growth take their toll. While the economy should recover next year, the rebound will be held back by a lack of policy support. What’s more, we think the biggest risks to our forecasts are to the downside, notably from Russia turning off the gas taps completely or the ECB failing to avert a sovereign debt crisis.

11 August 2022

European Economics Update

Rhine troubles add to pressure on German industry

The fall in the Rhine’s water level is a small problem for German industry compared to the gas crisis, or indeed the recent shortage of semiconductors. But if it persists until December it could subtract 0.2ppts from GDP in Q3 and Q4 and add a touch to inflation.

10 August 2022

European Economics Focus

How big is the threat of an end to Russian gas exports?

An end to Russian gas exports to Europe would prompt us to forecast a deeper recession in the euro-zone this winter than we currently anticipate. The hit would come partly through higher inflation, which would further squeeze real incomes, and partly through gas rationing, which would particularly affect industry. As an illustrative scenario we think the combined effect would reduce annual GDP by around 2% in the euro-zone next year relative to our current forecast.

9 August 2022

More from Stefan Posea

European Data Response

EZ Unemployment (Sep.)

While the fall in euro-zone unemployment in September brings the jobless rate back to its pre-pandemic level, employment has not fully recovered. But the economy is growing strongly and the vast majority of those who left the labour force are set to return, so the labour market is likely to recover further in Q4.

3 November 2021

European Data Response

EC Survey (October)

The EC Economic Sentiment Indicator for October increased a touch, but the details show that expectations for production declined slightly, probably due to the worsening supply chain problems. So there is nothing here to change our view that economic growth will slow sharply in Q4.

28 October 2021

European Data Response

Euro-zone Industrial Production (Aug)

The large decline in euro-zone industrial production in August was largely due to supply shortages affecting production, particularly in the German auto sector. While demand is still strong, prolonged supply shortages and high input prices suggest manufacturing will continue to struggle in Q4.

13 October 2021
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