EZ Hourly Labour Costs (Q2) & Ind. Prod. (Jul.)

The sharp fall in euro-zone average hourly labour costs in Q2 compared to a year earlier was mainly due to pandemic-related distortions to the data that will continue to muddy the picture for another couple of quarters. Nevertheless, the spare capacity in the labour market will keep wage growth subdued.
Jessica Hinds Europe Economist
Continue reading

More from Europe

European Data Response

Euro-zone Final HICP (Sep.)

Euro-zone inflation looks set to climb further in the coming months as higher input and energy costs feed through. An unusually cold winter would put even more upward pressure on gas prices in the short term, but we still think that headline and core inflation will fall sharply next year to well below 2%.

20 October 2021

European Economic Outlook

Running into troubled waters

Supply chain problems will slow the recovery and keep inflation above target until around the middle of next year. Beyond that, however, the economy should get back on track. After regaining its pre-crisis level later this year, output is likely to converge with its pre-pandemic trend. Meanwhile, we do not expect significant second-round effects from the recent surge in prices and think wage increases will remain quite modest. Headline inflation is likely to drop back below the ECB’s target by the end of next year, as energy inflation turns negative. So while the ECB will end its emergency PEPP purchases next March, it will step up its regular asset purchases and leave the deposit rate at -0.5% until around 2025, which is a lot later than financial markets anticipate.

19 October 2021

European Economics Weekly

Energy, semi-conductors and Italy’s Green Pass

The continued high level of energy prices strengthens our view that euro-zone inflation will keep rising in the coming months. But by lowering consumers’ purchasing power, it could actually reduce inflationary pressure in the medium term. Meanwhile, data released this week added to the evidence that supply problems are weighing on German car manufacturers, and things are unlikely to get better any time soon. Finally, Italy’s new Green Pass requirement for workers came into force today, sparking protests at a number of ports. But so far the disruption seems to have been limited.

15 October 2021

More from Jessica Hinds

European Economics Update

Inflation impact of high gas prices will last into 2022

The recent surge in the prices of natural gas and coal, and therefore electricity too, has boosted energy inflation and suggests the risks to our near-term forecast for headline inflation lie to the upside. But the effects of this will start to fade next spring and, in any case, will have next to no bearing on core inflation.

13 September 2021

European Economics Update

Euro-zone driver shortages less acute than in the UK

The shortage of heavy goods vehicle (HGV) drivers in the euro-zone appears to be nowhere near as acute as in the UK. We therefore don’t expect to see a surge in drivers’ wages that would lead to widespread upward pressure on pay throughout the euro-zone labour market. What next for the ECB? We’re hosting a post-mortem after Thursday’s Governing Council meeting at 1100 ET to discuss its decision and our views on the euro-zone’s economic and inflation outlook. Register here.

7 September 2021

European Data Response

EZ Unemployment (Jul.) & Final Mfg PMIs (Aug.)

The fall in euro-zone unemployment in July appears to be down to a decline in the overall labour force rather than an increase in employment, highlighting that the labour market recovery still has a long way to go. But with hiring activity increasing, the jobless rate should continue to fall.

1 September 2021
↑ Back to top