Russia’s easing cycle shifts up a gear

The Russian central bank’s decision to opt for a 50bp rate cut today (to 6.50%) and the dovish tone of the accompanying statement support our view that the easing cycle has further to run. As things stand, we expect the one-week repo rate to be lowered to 6.00% by early next year, which is lower than markets are pricing in. But the risks are shifting towards more easing than even we currently expect.
William Jackson Chief Emerging Markets Economist
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Emerging Europe Economics Weekly

Omicron & tightening cycles, Turkey into the unknown

While a lot is still unknown about the Omicron variant, we don’t think it will prevent central banks from delivering further large interest rate hikes - Poland will be a case in point next week, where we expect a 75bp rate hike. The key exception is Turkey, where the departure of Finance Minister Elvan this week adds to signs that policymakers are not prepared to respond to the recent falls in the lira with an orthodox approach. The currency will remain under pressure and this week’s interventions in the FX market suggest policymakers’ tolerance of a weak lira is being tested. These interventions cannot be sustained and soft capital control may be the next port of call.

3 December 2021

Emerging Europe Economics Update

Turkey & the macro fallout from past “sudden stops”

The history books show that currency crises in other parts of the emerging world in recent decades have resulted in peak-to-trough falls in GDP of around 8% on average and pushed headline inflation up by 25%-pts from its latest trough. The latest crisis in Turkey is likely to result in a downturn that sits towards the milder end of the spectrum and, so long as the lira stabilises, the peak in inflation is likely to be in the region of 25-30% y/y in the next few months.

3 December 2021

Emerging Europe Data Response

Turkey Consumer Prices (Nov.)

The rise in Turkey’s headline inflation rate to 21.3% y/y in November will almost certainly be followed by further chunky increases over the coming months that take it to 25-30% as the effects of the recent currency crises continue to filter through. With no sign that President Erdogan will permit an orthodox policy response in the form of large interest rate hikes, the lira will struggle to recoup its losses and inflation will remain at these very high levels throughout much of the next six-to-nine months.

3 December 2021

More from William Jackson

Latin America Economics Weekly

Peru turmoil, Chile’s lockdown, hawks & doves

Pedro Castillo’s victory in Peru’s presidential election caused local markets to tumble, but if his more moderate post-election comments are borne out in policymaking, asset prices are likely to recover some lost ground. In Chile, while the latest lockdown has caused the near-term outlook to worsen, we retain a positive view on the economy’s growth prospects. The central bank’s forecasts published this week show that it is of a similar opinion (and that rates will rise this year as a result – in line with our projections). Elsewhere, the news that Mexico’s finance minister will take over as central bank governor next year adds weight to our view that Banxico bank will tolerate higher inflation.

11 June 2021

Latin America Data Response

Mexico Industrial Production (Apr.)

The surprise drop in Mexican industrial production in April may partly be payback for a strong March. And early indicators suggest that industrial activity picked up in May. Moreover, with services sectors recovering, we continue to think that the economy will grow by an above-consensus 6.5% this year.

11 June 2021

Emerging Europe Data Response

Turkey Industrial Production & Retail Sales (Apr.)

The m/m falls in Turkish industrial production and retail sales in April are likely to be followed by further weakness in May (when a three-week lockdown was in place). This supports our view that the economy will probably contract in q/q terms over Q2 as a whole. We suspect that the central bank will leave interest rates unchanged when it meets next week, but the softer economic activity figures will add to demands for rate cuts, which seem likely to come in July.

11 June 2021
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