Rise in inflation won’t worry MPC, Brexit mood sours

The unexpected rise in inflation in August came as a bit of a nasty surprise. But we still think that the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) can afford to sit tight until Brexit uncertainty has been resolved, before raising interest rates again. If the informal EU Summit in Salzburg is anything to go by, though, the MPC will remain in a state of inertia for some time. With the talks souring and the chances of Theresa May pushing any agreement through Parliament still looking as tight as ever, we see no reason to change our assumption that a Brexit deal will only be secured at the eleventh hour.
Continue reading

More from UK

UK Data Response

Public Finances (Sep.)

September’s public finances figures mean that the Chancellor will be able to boast in next Wednesday’s Budget that he has reduced government borrowing much quicker than expected. But we suspect he’ll set himself some tight fiscal rules that will mean he won’t announce a major net giveaway next week.

21 October 2021

UK Data Response

Consumer Prices (Sep.)

The dip in CPI inflation in September feels a bit like the lull before the storm as we expect inflation to jump to close to 4.0% in October and to between 4.5% and 5.0% by April next year. As such, the fall in September probably won’t deter the Bank of England from raising interest rates from 0.10% in the coming months, although we think the markets have gone too far by pricing in rates rising to 1.00% next year.

20 October 2021

UK Economic Outlook

A taste of stagflation

The UK economy is experiencing a taste of stagflation. This won’t be anywhere near as severe or as persistent as in the 1970s. But for the next six months, the worsening product and labour shortages will put the brakes on the economic recovery at the same time as higher energy prices drive up CPI inflation from 3.2% in August to a peak of around 5.0% in April next year. The Bank of England’s growing fear that some of this rise in inflation is becoming embedded within wage growth and inflation expectations means it is on the cusp of raising interest rates from 0.10% for the first time since the pandemic. The markets have priced in increases in interest rates to over 1.00% by the end of next year. Our forecast that economic activity will be weaker than the Bank expects over the next six months and that CPI inflation will fall back to the 2% target in late 2022 and in 2023 suggests that interest rates won’t rise that far that fast.

19 October 2021

More from Capital Economics Economist

Commodities Weekly Wrap

Middle East tensions back in the spotlight

Having surged this week, the price of oil could rise further in the near term if tensions between Iran and the US continue to escalate. At the same time, the price of gold is benefitting from an increase in safe-haven demand and a weaker US dollar. The prices of most industrial commodities also rose this week as both the Fed and the ECB signalled looser monetary policy and President Trump announced that he would meet with President Xi on the sidelines of the G20 meeting. Markets will be closely watching events in the Gulf over the next few days. Elsewhere, the G20 summit in Osaka, Japan, gets under way on Friday and all eyes will be on the Trump-Xi meeting. Even if some sort of trade agreement is reached between the two leaders, we do not think it will last. A deal which would be acceptable to both sides appears increasingly remote. We suspect that by early next year, nearly all of China’s exports to the US will be subject to tariffs. Finally, the biannual OPEC and OPEC+ meetings that had been scheduled for next week have been postponed until 1st-2nd July, reportedly because Russia was keen that the meetings be held after the G20.

21 June 2019

Capital Daily

Market reaction to US-Iran tensions likely to remain contained

This report is only available as a PDF. Click to download.

21 June 2019

Africa Economics Weekly

Easing cycle gains momentum, no news from SONA

Inflation figures released in South Africa and Nigeria this week supported our view that policymakers in both countries will loosen monetary policy later this year. Rates elsewhere are already falling; the Bank of Mozambique cut by 25bp this week. President Cyril Ramaphosa’s State of the Nation Address was disappointingly light on substance, suggesting that divisions within the ANC are hobbling policymaking.

21 June 2019
↑ Back to top