Whole Economy PMIs (Jul.)

The drop in PMIs across the Gulf in July suggests that the pick-up in growth in non-oil sectors in the first half of 2019 has started to go into reverse. If oil prices stay low and fiscal policy becomes less supportive, as we expect, this slowdown has further to run.
Virag Forizs Emerging Markets Economist
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Middle East Economics Weekly

Omicron, tourism and the oil market

Low vaccine coverage and large tourism sectors mean that the non-Gulf economies are particularly vulnerable to the emergence of the Omicron variant. Meanwhile, the drop in oil prices and the likelihood that OPEC+ raises oil output more slowly than previously envisaged has increased the downside risks to our GDP growth forecasts for the Gulf.

2 December 2021

Middle East Economics Update

Saudi economy set for a strong end to the year

The economic recovery in Saudi Arabia has picked up pace and should end the year on a strong note. The emergence of the Omicron variant has clouded the outlook, but for now we expect economic growth in the Kingdom to strengthen in 2022 on the back of rising oil output.

2 December 2021

Middle East Chart Book

MENA and the Omicron risks

The Middle East and North African economies are potentially among the most vulnerable to the fallout from the Omicron strain of COVID-19. The North African economies as well as Lebanon and Jordan have low vaccination rates and large tourism sectors, leaving them exposed to the risk of tighter restrictions and curbs on international travel. In the Gulf, vaccination rates are much higher and, Dubai aside, tourism sectors are relatively small. But the fall in energy prices could prompt governments to hold off loosening fiscal policy. And producers may raise oil output more slowly, which would weigh on economic growth.

30 November 2021

More from Virag Forizs

Africa Data Response

South Africa Manufacturing PMI (May)

The rise in South Africa’s manufacturing PMI in May points to an improvement in underlying economic conditions in the sector, but we think that the recovery will  be held back by key headwinds including another virus surge, slow vaccine rollout, power cuts and austerity.

1 June 2021

Africa Economics Weekly

Naira devalued for real, utility deals in Ethiopia & SA

Policymakers in Nigeria appear to have bowed to pressure to devalue the official exchange rate, which will probably improve the public finances and help unlock multilateral financing. That said, a unified and fairly valued naira is unlikely to follow any time soon. Meanwhile, Ethiopia’s ambitious reform agenda seems to be faltering on nearly all fronts. In South Africa, troubled electricity provider Eskom was a source of good news this week for a change, but power cuts are likely to remain a threat to the economic outlook.

28 May 2021

Africa Economics Update

CBN keeps inflation-fighting tools on the shelf

Policymakers in Nigeria kept their benchmark rate on hold at 11.50% at today’s MPC meeting, opting to emphasise the fragile nature of the economic recovery over elevated inflation. With price pressures likely to ease, we think that monetary policy settings will remain unchanged over our forecast horizon.

25 May 2021
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