Brazil: further hikes in store as inflation concerns build

The hawkish statement accompanying yesterday’s 100bp rate hike by the Brazilian central bank (to 5.25%) means that the Selic rate will increase further than we had anticipated. We now expect it to be raised to 7.50% by year-end (previously 6.50%).
William Jackson Chief Emerging Markets Economist
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Latin America Economics Weekly

Central banks and Omicron, Colombia CA risks

The emergence of the Omicron variant presents a key risk to economic recoveries in the region, although the experience from the latest virus wave in the region provides a reason to think it will not result in a permanent hit to output. In the meantime, central banks across the region will remain focussed on tackling high inflation with further rate hikes. Otherwise, data this week showed that Colombia's current account deficit widened even further in Q3 and the recent drop in oil prices will add to the growing external vulnerabilities there.

3 December 2021

Latin America Data Response

Brazil Industrial Production (Oct.)

The surprise 0.6% m/m fall in Brazilian industrial production in October and weakness in the surveys for last month provide early evidence that the contraction in the economy last quarter may be followed by another q/q drop in GDP in Q4.

3 December 2021

Latin America Data Response

Brazil GDP (Q3 2021)

The 0.1% q/q fall in Brazilian GDP in Q3 confirmed that problems in the agricultural and industrial sectors tipped the economy into a technical recession. And with financial conditions tightening, the terms of trade worsening, and the threat from the new Omicron variant, the risks to our GDP growth forecast for next year of 1.3% are skewed firmly to the downside. Copom may temper its hawkish sentiment a bit at its meeting next week, with a 150bp hike (rather than 175bp) now looking more likely.

2 December 2021

More from William Jackson

Latin America Data Response

Brazil Industrial Production (Jun.)

The stagnation in Brazilian industrial production in June suggests that industry made a negative contribution to q/q GDP growth over Q2 as a whole. But with virus cases having fallen sharply, it looks like the prospects for industry – and the economy more generally – are brightening.

3 August 2021

Latin America Data Response

Mexico GDP (Q2 Prov.)

The re-opening of Mexico’s economy caused GDP growth to accelerate to 1.5% q/q in Q2, and we suspect that this preliminary figure will be revised up. But with new virus cases rising sharply, the economy is likely to slow in Q3.

30 July 2021

Africa Chart Book

Delta threat building

The highly contagious Delta variant of COVID-19 seems to be dominant now across much of Sub-Saharan Africa and is driving new waves in many of the large economies. South Africa appears to be over the worst of its latest outbreak, although it now has to contend with the legacy of violence and unrest earlier this month. Elsewhere, cases are rising quickly and could dampen recoveries. Extremely low vaccine coverage makes the region particularly vulnerable to this variant and potential future ones. Even in South Africa, where the rollout is quick by regional standards, at the current pace it would take a year for vaccine coverage to reach the levels offering protection against new variants seen in DMs.

29 July 2021
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