Strong rebound and temporary rise in inflation

The euro-zone is on the way to an almost full recovery. We expect Germany to regain its pre-pandemic level of activity later this year and the tourist-dependent southern countries to do so next year. The Delta variant may lead to some voluntary social distancing or self-isolating and perhaps limited restrictions over the winter, but we doubt that it will derail the recovery. Inflation will rise further than most expect in the coming months due to rising input costs and supply bottlenecks. But with wage agreements and inflation expectations remaining low, it will drop back and stay lower than most expect over the medium term. The ECB is likely to step up its standard Asset Purchase Programme substantially when its emergency purchases end next March and leave its deposit rate at -0.5% until beyond 2025, which is much later than investors expect.
Andrew Kenningham Chief Europe Economist
Continue reading

More from Europe

European Economics Weekly

ECB rate hikes a distant prospect, Merkel era at an end

Even as other central banks hinted this week at a shift towards tighter monetary policy, we doubt that the ECB will follow suit. Meanwhile, the business surveys suggested that while supply-chain disruptions and rising input prices took the shine off the region’s recovery in September, GDP probably still grew very strongly in Q3. Next week brings the results of Germany’s federal election on Sunday and the start of probably lengthy coalition negotiations and the usual month-end raft of data.

24 September 2021

European Data Response

German Ifo Survey (September)

The third successive decline in the Ifo Business Climate Index in September provides further evidence that Germany’s recovery is losing steam, as supply chain difficulties persist and the surge in gas prices piles additional pressure on prices and production. That said, we still expect strong GDP growth in Q3, given the low base at the start of Q2.

24 September 2021

European Economics Update

Five questions and answers about Germany’s election

The federal election in Germany on Sunday will result in a new chancellor for the first time since 2005 and opinion polls suggest that the result will be extremely close with potentially months of coalition talks ahead. In this Update, we answer five key questions about the election.

23 September 2021

More from Andrew Kenningham

ECB Watch

New guidance will set the bar higher for rate hikes

The ECB will set out next week what its new strategy implies for its monetary policy. Having nudged up the target to a symmetrical 2% and stressed that it will tolerate some overshooting, the Governing Council will amend its policy statement to underline its commitment to “forceful” and “persistent” policy accommodation. But we do not expect any changes to its policy rates or the pace of asset purchases.

15 July 2021

European Economics Update

ECB’s new strategy consistent with looser for longer

The details of the monetary strategy review were slightly less radical than had been suggested in parts of the financial media. But the changes announced today still amount to a historic shift away from Bundesbank orthodoxy and towards the mainstream.

8 July 2021

European Economics Update

ECB’s new target marks death of Bundesbank tradition

If confirmed, the ECB’s decision to adopt a 2% inflation target and allow room to overshoot it if needed would mark a historic shift towards the mainstream for the ECB. It would have no immediate implications for monetary policy, but in the longer run may imply policy would be looser for longer.

8 July 2021
↑ Back to top