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German Inflation (December)

Final inflation data for December showed that the decline in Germany’s HICP inflation rate to 5.7% was due to energy and services. We expect both headline and core inflation to fall this year, but only to around 2.5% on the headline measure by December, which is above the Bundesbank’s comfort zone.
Andrew Kenningham Chief Europe Economist
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European Data Response

German Ifo Survey (May)

The Ifo survey for May suggests that activity in Germany may be holding up a little better than we had feared. But the headline Business Climate Index is still consistent with GDP contracting in year-on-year terms and the expectations component shows that businesses think the situation will get worse. ECB Drop-In (24th May 10:00 ET/15:00 BST): Could the ECB deliver a hawkish surprise? Join economists from our Europe and Markets teams for a discussion about what to expect from the Bank’s tightening cycle, including the chances for a bumper hike in July or even an early move at next month’s meeting. Register now.

23 May 2022

European Data Response

Euro-zone Consumer Confidence (May)

The small increase in euro-zone consumer confidence in May left it only slightly higher than its low point at the start of the pandemic. With confidence extremely low and real incomes squeezed by high inflation, we expect a drop in household spending to cause the euro-zone economy to contract in Q2.

20 May 2022

European Economics Weekly

High inflation, record trade deficit

Data released over the past week revealed that the euro-zone recorded its first monthly current account deficit since 2012 and provided further evidence that underlying price pressures are building. We expect the latter to prompt the ECB to raise rates by 25bp, if not 50bp, in July. Next week, the PMIs and Ifo for May will provide more evidence that the euro-zone and German economies are at risk of recession. ECB Drop-In (24th May 10:00 ET/15:00 BST): Could the ECB deliver a hawkish surprise? Join economists from our Europe and Markets teams for a discussion about what to expect from the Bank’s tightening cycle, including the chances for a bumper hike in July or even an early move at next month’s meeting. Register now.  

20 May 2022

More from Andrew Kenningham

European Data Response

German GDP (2021)

Provisional data showing that Germany’s GDP increased by 2.7% last year and news that it shrank in Q4 underlines that its recovery has lagged many of its peers, including the US, France and the UK. We think that German GDP will expand by less than the consensus expects this year too.

14 January 2022

European Economics Update

ECB likely to raise rates to zero in 2023

With pandemic-related inflationary pressures proving a bit more intense and persistent than we had anticipated, and policymakers sounding more willing to tighten policy, we think the ECB is most likely to end net asset purchases in December 2022 and raise its deposit rate to zero by end-2023. Drop-In: Neil Shearing will host an online panel of our senior economists to answer your questions and update on macro and markets this Thursday, 13th January (11:00 ET/16:00 GMT). Register for the latest on everything from Omicron to the Fed to our key calls for 2022. Registration here.

12 January 2022

European Chart Book

Inflation to remain above target in 2022

Euro-zone inflation reached 5.0% in December, which is likely to be the peak. Unless oil and gas prices surge again in 2022, which seems unlikely, energy inflation will plummet – we forecast the contribution of energy to headline inflation to drop from 2.5 percentage points in December 2021 to around zero in December 2022. But we don’t expect to see a downward trend in core inflation. The full impact of high input prices has probably not yet fed through to core goods inflation, which was already at a record high at the end of last year. In the near term, the Omicron variant could lead to a bigger reduction in global supply than demand, adding to inflationary pressures. And if demand rebounds when Omicron cases start to fall, as we expect, it could push up wage growth and services inflation. We forecast core inflation to average a little over 2% this year, which would put more pressure on the ECB to prepare the ground for interest rates to rise in 2023.

11 January 2022
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