Limited signs of price pressures fading in the PMIs

The overarching message from today’s batch of flash PMIs was that higher inflation isn’t going away anytime soon in major advanced economies. Some of the inflation indicators edged away from their recent record highs, but that leaves them at historically high levels. Meanwhile, there were some early signs of economic fallout from the spread of the Delta variant.
Simon MacAdam Senior Global Economist
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Global Economics Update

PMIs: Services left to do the heavy lifting

The flash PMIs for October brought news of an encouraging start to Q4 for services sector activity, alongside yet more evidence that shortages are holding back growth in industry and stoking even stronger price pressures. If it wasn’t clear already, inflation is going to stay higher for longer in the US and Europe.

22 October 2021

Global Economics Update

Higher oil prices won’t stop inflation falling next year

The recent upward revision to our oil price forecast does little to alter our view that inflation will fall in 2022. Even if oil prices don’t fall as we expect them to and they stay at their current level, energy inflation would drop back next year, dragging on headline rates. At the same time, though, if oil prices stayed high, this would be yet another factor delaying the decline in inflation, which would make some DM central banks uncomfortable. Moreover, higher oil prices would imply a meaningful hit to consumer spending.

21 October 2021

Global Economics Update

Has the pandemic permanently reduced the workforce?

The pandemic is still depressing the size of the labour force in many developed countries. This probably reflects a mixture of temporary and permanent factors, so some of it may yet be reversed. But even if the bulk of the reduction in the labour force persists, this does not alter the big picture that the overall lasting damage to economies’ supply capacity has been limited considering the scale of the downturn.

19 October 2021

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Global Trade Monitor

Recovery in world trade continues, for now

April’s data revealed that world trade flows have enjoyed virtually interrupted growth for 12 months now, with world trade remaining well above its pre-virus level. But between the quintupling of shipping costs over the past year, supply disruptions, and a potential cooldown in the demand for traded goods as economies re-open, there is no shortage of impediments to a continued robust recovery.

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Reflationary recovery races on

Inflation indicators in the flash PMIs for June reached new record highs and supplier delivery times lengthened still further. However, outside the US at least, there are few signs that goods shortages and higher costs have held back the recovery in manufacturing output. More generally, the PMIs suggest that lockdown easing continues to propel recoveries in the US and Europe, where restrictions have eased.

23 June 2021

Global Economics Update

How much of the rise in inflation is due to ‘base effects’?

Much of the rise in inflation in major advanced economies from February to May has reflected the fact that prices fell in the same period a year ago. That said, depending on how you measure it, around half of the jump in inflation in the US and UK over the past three months has reflected a ‘genuine’ pick-up in For the most part, base effects are unlikely to be a significant driver of inflation in the year ahead.

18 June 2021
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