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Brazil IPCA (Aug.)

The rise in Brazil’s headline inflation rate to 9.7% y/y last month was driven by a broad-based strengthening of price pressures. With the economy re-opening and electricity tariffs hiked this month, the headline rate will remain uncomfortably high well into next year. Our base case is that Copom will hike the Selic rate by 100bp (to 6.25%) when it meets this month, but the risk of a larger hike is growing.
William Jackson Chief Emerging Markets Economist
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More from Latin America

Latin America Economics Update

Banxico to take its foot off the brakes

Mexico’s central bank (Banxico) hiked interest rates by 75bp, to 8.50%, for a second consecutive meeting yesterday but, amid mounting evidence that the economy is struggling and with inflation close to a peak, we think that the pace of tightening will slow from here. Our forecast is for the policy rate to reach 10.00% by year-end, which is a touch more hawkish than investors anticipate.

12 August 2022

Latin America Data Response

Mexico Industrial Production (Jun.)

Mexico’s industrial sector posted sluggish growth of just 0.1% m/m in June and the data suggest that the first estimate of Q2 GDP growth may be revised down. The backdrop of weakness in the US means that we expect Mexican industrial activity to stay soft over the rest of this year. But that is unlikely to deter Banxico from delivering further monetary tightening, including another 75bp hike, to 8.50%, later today.

11 August 2022

Latin America Data Response

Brazil IPCA (Jul. 2022)

The sharp fall in Brazilian inflation to 10.1% y/y in July from 11.9% y/y in June was mainly a result of tax cuts on energy; inflation in most other price categories remains extremely strong. Even so, at the margin, this data release increases the likelihood that the central bank will keep interest rates unchanged (rather than opt for a final 25bp hike) at its next meeting in September.

9 August 2022

More from William Jackson

Latin America Economics Weekly

Brazil’s recovery worries, hawks fly in Chile

The disappointing economic data out of Brazil this week has cast some clouds over the economy’s recovery prospects. As it happens, we think that GDP growth will pick up quite strongly in Q3, but we’re increasingly concerned that electricity constraints could put the brakes on the recovery later in the year. Elsewhere, Chile’s central bank became the latest in the region to spring a hawkish surprise and we think the policy rate will be raised further that the central bank’s new guidance implies.

3 September 2021

Emerging Europe Data Response

Turkey Consumer Prices (Aug.)

The stronger-than-expected Turkish inflation reading of 19.3% y/y in August doesn’t rule out the start of an easing cycle later this year. However, we now only see scope for an interest rate cut at the final MPC meeting of the year.

3 September 2021

Latin America Data Response

Brazil Industrial Production (Jul.)

The 1.3% m/m fall in Brazilian industrial production in July confirms that the sector continued its weak performance into the start of Q3, and surveys suggest that August will be weak too. That said, with the economy re-opening, stronger growth in services should drive a pick-up in overall GDP growth.

2 September 2021
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