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10% sales tax, could BoJ change tiering system?

With the 1st October sales tax hike fast approaching, we think the government’s countermeasures will ensure consumer spending doesn’t fall off a cliff next month, as it did after the previous tax hike. But one measure in particular has been causing confusion this week. Meanwhile, we explore whether the Bank of Japan could follow the Swiss National Bank and change its “tiering” system in order to sugar-coat a future rate cut.
Tom Learmouth Japan Economist
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Japan Economics Weekly

Recovery will continue to disappoint

The slump in industrial output and the stagnation in real retail sales in May has prompted us to lower our estimate of Q2 GDP growth. While the easing of the lockdown in Shanghai will contribute to a rebound in motor vehicle output over coming months, the bigger picture is that supply shortages remain intense. And with external demand softening, Japan’s economy won’t recover as rapidly this year as most anticipate.

1 July 2022

Japan Data Response

Tankan (Q2), Labour Market (May) & Tokyo CPI (Jun.)

Today’s Tankan survey suggests that while the services sector is benefitting from the easing of virus restrictions, the outlook for the manufacturing sector is worsening. Meanwhile, the labour market didn’t tighten any further in May and inflation edged down in Tokyo in June, but we still expect the unemployment rate to fall further and underlying inflation to creep higher over coming months.

1 July 2022

Japan Data Response

Japan Industrial Production (May 2022)

The plunge in industrial output in May suggests that Japan’s recovery is disappointing yet again. The upshot is that it will take until the second half of the year for GDP to surpass its pre-virus level. Asia Drop-In (30th June, 09:00 BST/16:00 SGT): Are Asia’s central banks behind the curve? Can the Bank of Japan and People’s Bank of China continue to go against the grain? Find out in our special session on what global monetary tightening looks like in Asia. Register now.  

30 June 2022

More from Tom Learmouth

Japan Data Response

Japan Retail Sales & Industrial Production (Apr. 2021)

The sharp fall in retail sales and weaker than expected rise in industrial production in April suggests the economy was subdued even before states of emergency were declared, supporting our view that the economy won’t have rebounded from its weak Q1 this quarter.

31 May 2021

Japan Economics Weekly

State of emergency extension, Olympic fifth wave?

While the fourth wave of coronavirus has broken, with hospital capacity still stretched the government will today extend the emergency declarations covering half of the economy until 20th June. That supports our view that output won’t recover this quarter after a weak Q1. Further ahead, with the vaccine rollout accelerating we still expect a strong rebound from mid-Q3. But while the risks of importing dangerous virus variants during the Olympics are overblown, there certainly are downside risks from the more transmissible Indian variant which has already begun to spread in Japan. If it causes a fifth wave, then that would delay the economy’s recovery still further.

28 May 2021

Japan Data Response

Japan Labour Market (Apr. 2021)

The unemployment rate spiked back up in April after a surprise sharp fall in March. However, we think the jobless rate will fall back to around 2.6% over the coming months as employment resumes its recovery.

28 May 2021
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