Chances of localised lockdowns rising

With coronavirus cases hitting record-highs in Tokyo and rising in other urban areas, the government announced on Monday that it plans to give local governments greater power to request business closures. That could include penalties for firms that ignore requests to close. The plan to revise the special coronavirus law appears primarily aimed at giving local authorities the ability to impose restrictions without the need to declare a state of emergency again. It shows that the government is readying itself for the possibility of targeted, localised lockdowns if cases continue to surge. The recovery in consumer spending has been disappointing so far in Q3 – for example, there were still very few people venturing to the cinema in early-July. And the prospect of many businesses in Tokyo, and potentially those in other major cities such as Osaka, having once again to close presents downside risks to our forecast of a 4.5% q/q rebound in consumption in Q3 following a 8% q/q drop in Q2.
Tom Learmouth Japan Economist
Continue reading

More from Japan

Japan Economics Weekly

Omicron restrictions wouldn’t jolt BoJ into action

Even if Omicron proves more transmissible than Delta, its impact on Japan’s economy could vary substantially depending on how deadly it is, how well it evades vaccines, and PM Kishida’s appetite for draconian containment measures. With supply shortages already severe, fresh restrictions on Japanese manufacturers’ global supply chains coupled with a global shift in spending away from services and back towards goods could cause input price pressures to intensify further. However, we doubt any resulting boost to core goods inflation would do much more than simply offset a drag from energy inflation. As such, core inflation would stay well short of the BoJ’s 2.0% target, keeping rate hikes off the table.

3 December 2021

Japan Data Response

Labour Market & Industrial Production (Oct. 2021)

Employment fell sharply again in October despite the lifting of states of emergency declarations at the start of the month. However, it should rebound sharply across November and December in line with the revival in face-to-face service sector activity. And while industrial production only edged up in October, we think it too will rebound more strongly this month and next, potentially approaching its recent April peak in December.

30 November 2021

Japan Data Response

Japan Retail Sales (Oct. 2021)

Retail sales kept rising in October despite another drop in motor vehicles sales. With supply disruptions now starting to ease and mobility picking up, they should continue to increase.

29 November 2021

More from Tom Learmouth

Japan Data Response

Japan Wages & Household Spending (May 2021)

While the further acceleration in wage growth in May was again largely down to favourable base effects, we think wage growth will stay elevated as the labour market tightens and vaccines fuel a further recovery in overtime pay. Meanwhile, the only modest drop in household spending in May suggests that consumer spending may have edged up last quarter.

6 July 2021

Japan Data Response

Bank of Japan Tankan (Q2 2021)

The further rebound in the Q2 Tankan supports our view that the economy’s disappointing start to the year won’t prevent vaccines driving a strong rebound in the second half of the year. And firms’ upbeat capital spending plans bolster our view that business investment will soon recover sharply.

1 July 2021

Japan Economics Focus

Transition to carbon neutral 2050 wouldn’t harm growth

Achieving net zero emissions in Japan in three decades is a difficult but achievable task. And while the most carbon-intensive sectors may face significant headwinds, overall we agree with PM Suga that economic growth wouldn’t have to be sacrificed to reach his goal of a carbon neutral 2050.

29 June 2021
↑ Back to top