A poor end to the decade for Saudi Arabia’s economy

Our GDP Tracker suggests that the downturn in Saudi Arabia’s economy deepened at the end of last year as the drag from oil production cuts intensified. A recovery is likely to take hold this year, but it is likely to be weaker than most currently anticipate.
Jason Tuvey Senior Emerging Markets Economist
Continue reading

More from Middle East

Middle East Economics Weekly

Lebanon and Tunisia face a tough task to tackle crises

The IMF confirmed this week that technical talks with Lebanon have restarted. But even before any sort of deal is reached, the government has the tough task of restructuring its defaulted Eurobond debt. And any lending from the Fund will come with a long list of reforms that will be difficult to implement. Elsewhere, Tunisia’s government has also begun talks with the IMF in hopes of securing a fresh deal and is reportedly in talks with the Gulf over financing too. But without reforms to address the deteriorating public finances, this funding would only kick the can down the road and delay a debt restructuring.

21 October 2021

Middle East Economics Update

What does the energy price surge mean for the Gulf?

Higher oil and gas revenues are likely to prompt a modest shift to looser fiscal policy in the large Gulf economies, although Bahrain and Oman will still need to stick to austerity. Meanwhile, if OPEC+ were to raise production quotas more quickly in response to the surge in global energy prices, that would pose a major upside risk to our above-consensus GDP growth forecasts.

20 October 2021

Middle East Economic Outlook

Gulf to outperform

Economic recoveries in the Gulf will continue to gather pace over the coming year on the back of successful vaccine rollouts and higher oil output, and our GDP growth forecasts lie above the consensus. Outside the Gulf, though, recoveries are likely to be slower, particularly in the more tourism-dependent economies. We think a sovereign default in Tunisia is more likely than not, and we have long-standing worries about public debt in Bahrain and Oman as well as Dubai’s corporate debts.

19 October 2021

More from Jason Tuvey

Middle East Economics Update

Iran: nuclear deal, elections and the economy

Negotiators appear to be closing in on an agreement to revive Iran’s nuclear deal which, if revitalised, would provide a substantial lift to Iran’s economy – it could plausibly expand by 8-10% per year in 2021-23. Higher Iranian oil output would act as a drag on global oil prices and could prompt governments in the Gulf countries to keep fiscal policy tight, weighing on their recoveries.

7 June 2021

Emerging Europe Economics Weekly

Erdogan piles on the pressure, Israel’s surprise coalition

Talk this week of rate cuts in Turkey has led to further falls in the lira and, ironically, means that the central bank will stand pat at this month's MPC meeting. In Israel, the coalition proposal formed to topple incumbent PM Benjamin Netanyahu is so fractured we don't think it will lead to major changes in economic policy. Finally, the announcement by Russia's government to de-dollarise its National Wealth Fund assets won't have an economic impact, but it is a clear move ahead of the Biden-Putin summit this month that Russia sees its future as isolated from the West.

4 June 2021

Emerging Europe Data Response

Turkey Consumer Prices (May)

The latest falls in the lira mean that, despite the fall in Turkey’s headline inflation rate to 16.6% y/y last month, the central bank (CBRT)will probably leave interest rates unchanged at this month’s MPC meeting. But the CBRT is likely to fulfil the president’s desire for monetary loosening by August.

3 June 2021
↑ Back to top