Poland Activity Data (Sep.)

The latest activity data suggest that Poland’s economy ended Q3 with solid momentum, and GDP is likely to have risen by 1.6% q/q (4.7% y/y) in Q3 as a whole. But with the re-opening boost fading and supply issues likely to take a bigger toll on industry, we think that growth will slow further in Q4.
Liam Peach Emerging Markets Economist
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Emerging Europe Data Response

Poland Activity Data (Dec.)

The latest activity data in Poland show that industry expanded strongly in Q4 but that the shine came off the retail sector amid falling consumer sentiment and surging inflation. We think that GDP expanded by around 6.8% y/y (1.1% q/q) in Q4 which would leave Poland as the best performing economy in the region, but that the recovery will slow a touch at the start of this year.

24 January 2022

Emerging Europe Economics Weekly

Ukrainian markets feel the heat, oil nearing $90pb

Ukraine's financial markets remained under pressure this week as investors appear to have priced in a more serious outcome regarding Russia-Ukraine tensions. A positive reaction to today's talks between the US and Russia has brought some relief but, even if a renewed conflict doesn't materialise, local markets are set to face a difficult few months. Meanwhile, oil prices closed in on $90pb this week and we've revised up our year-end Brent crude forecast to $70pb (from $60pb). This will help support Russia's budget and current account surpluses, but will add 0.2-0.3%-pts to inflation elsewhere in the region and cause current account balances to worsen.

21 January 2022

Emerging Europe Economic Outlook

Mounting headwinds to take the shine off the recovery

We expect regional GDP growth to come in below expectations this year as high inflation erodes households’ real incomes and policy becomes more restrictive. Despite this view on the growth outlook, we think that persistent capacity constraints will mean that inflation ultimately settles at a higher level than is currently appreciated. This feeds into our relatively hawkish interest rate forecasts, particularly in Russia, Poland and Czechia.

20 January 2022

More from Liam Peach

Emerging Europe Data Response

Israel Consumer Prices (Sep.)

The further rise in Israeli inflation to 2.5% y/y in September contained no major surprises and we think it will ease towards the lower end of the central bank’s 1-3% target next year. Even so, with the recovery motoring on and the central bank eager to rein in policy support, a small rate hike next year looks likely.

15 October 2021

Emerging Europe Economics Focus

CEE: rapid wage growth to fuel above-target inflation

Central and Eastern Europe is one of the regions of the world where we think that the risk of sustained higher inflation in the next few years is greatest. The Phillips curve is alive and we think the combination of a cyclical recovery in demand for labour alongside structural labour shortages will feed into stronger wage growth and keep inflation above central banks’ targets. This is not fully appreciated by most and we think interest rates will ultimately settle at a higher level than most expect in two-to-three years’ time.

13 October 2021

Emerging Europe Economics Weekly

Poland-EU conflict, CEE tightening, auto sector woes

The decision this week by Poland's Constitutional Court to rule that some EU laws are in conflict with the Polish Constitution has sent shockwaves through Europe and raises the possibility that the release of some of Poland's share of the EU Recovery Fund will be delayed. Meanwhile, Poland and Romania joined the monetary tightening club this week and we think that further rate hikes will be delivered to tame inflation. But vague communications from Poland's central bank suggest that its tightening cycle may be slower than we had thought likely. Finally, more news this week about the disruption to auto production in Central Europe means that the recovery will probably struggle in Q4.

8 October 2021
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