What to expect as the UK negotiates its future relationships

As the negotiations over the UK’s new relationship with the EU will be arduous and long, business investment probably won’t rise much this year as firms will worry about the risk of there being something similar to a no deal on 31st December 2020. But if that risk is ruled out by the UK and EU adopting a piecemeal approach and putting in place at least some new arrangements this year and maintaining the status quo elsewhere, then business investment could come back to life in 2021.
Paul Dales Chief UK Economist
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UK Economics Weekly

Inflation fears, Euro 2020 hopes

The mounting evidence that price pressures are rising is a threat to our forecast that CPI inflation won’t spend a long time above the 2% target until late in 2023. The good news, though, is that if inflation were more important than goals in the Euro 2020 football tournament, then at least one of England or Scotland would make it into the knockout stages.

11 June 2021

UK Data Response

GDP & International Trade (Apr.)

The jump in GDP in April was another sign that consumers are raring to spend as the economy reopens. And all the early indicators suggest that GDP growth was strong in May as well. As such, our forecast of the economy regaining its pre-pandemic level by the autumn is on track.

11 June 2021

UK Economics Chart Book

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The risks to our forecast that CPI inflation will rise from 1.5% in April to a peak of 2.6% in November before dropping back in 2022 are increasingly on the upside. Rises in shipping costs and global agricultural commodity prices as well as shortages of semiconductors and labour could all conspire to push CPI inflation higher this year and keep it above 2% next year. At the moment, though, we think that the lingering effects of last year’s collapse in output will prompt many firms to absorb the bulk of higher costs in their margins and to limit pay rather than pass them on to consumers via much higher prices. This “spare capacity” effect explains why we think core inflation will stay below 2% until late in 2023.

10 June 2021

More from Paul Dales

UK Markets Outlook

Markets mistaken on when and how BoE will tighten

Our forecasts that the Bank of England won’t tighten monetary policy until much later than the markets expect and that when it does it will unwind some QE first (perhaps in 2024) before raising interest rates (perhaps in 2025) is consistent with the gilt yield curve steepening over the next couple of years. So while 2-year gilt yields will probably remain very low for a couple more years yet, 10-year yields may rise from 0.86% now to around 1.50% by the end of 2022. We suspect that the resulting drag on the future value of UK corporate earnings will be more than offset by the boost to earnings from a faster and fuller economic recovery than is widely expected. And given that the valuation of UK equities still appears attractive, there is scope for UK equities to rise more rapidly than equities in other major markets. Our forecast is that the FTSE 100 climbs from 7,000 now to around 8,250 by the end of 2022.

24 May 2021

UK Data Response

Retail Sales (Apr.)

The surge in retail sales volumes in April shows that households flooded back to the shops once they reopened in the middle of the month and suggests there is even some upside risk to our forecast that the economic recovery will be fast and full if households spend a big chunk of their lockdown savings.

21 May 2021

UK Economics Update

Burst of reopening inflation will probably be temporary

We suspect that a bout of inflation triggered by the economy reopening will be brief and that a more widespread and sustained rise in inflation that would concern the Monetary Policy Committee won’t happen until late in 2023.

11 May 2021
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