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Labour Market & Industrial Production (Jul. 2021)

While the Delta wave may reverse some of July’s jump in employment, we think vaccines will allow employment to surpass its pre-virus level by the end of this year. Meanwhile, the fall in industrial production in July suggests that supply shortages remain a constraint for firms in certain sectors, though manufacturing output is still on course to rise across Q3.
Tom Learmouth Japan Economist
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Japan Data Response

Japan Industrial Production (May 2022)

The plunge in industrial output in May suggests that Japan’s recovery is disappointing yet again. The upshot is that it will take until the second half of the year for GDP to surpass its pre-virus level. Asia Drop-In (30th June, 09:00 BST/16:00 SGT): Are Asia’s central banks behind the curve? Can the Bank of Japan and People’s Bank of China continue to go against the grain? Find out in our special session on what global monetary tightening looks like in Asia. Register now.  

30 June 2022

Japan Data Response

Japan Retail Sales (May 2022)

The disappointing rise in retail sales in May poses downside risks to our upbeat forecasts for consumption growth in Q2. Asia Drop-In (30th June, 09:00 BST/16:00 SGT): Are Asia’s central banks behind the curve? Can the Bank of Japan and People’s Bank of China continue to go against the grain? Find out in our special session on what global monetary tightening looks like in Asia. Register now.  

29 June 2022

Japan Economics Weekly

Respite for BoJ doesn’t weaken case for a policy tweak

Pressure on the Bank of Japan’s Yield Curve Control framework eased this week. On the campaign trail for the Upper House election, where inflation has emerged as a key concern, Prime Minister Kishida said that monetary tightening would do more harm than good. Even more welcome for the BoJ, pressure emanating from the bond market has dropped back too. It had to buy less than a tenth as many JGBs this week as last. Some might feel that this reduces the need to shore up the policy framework. But a respite provides a window in which to make it more resilient.
Asia Drop-In (30th June, 09:00 BST/16:00 SGT): Are Asia’s central banks behind the curve? Can the Bank of Japan and People’s Bank of China continue to go against the grain? Find out in our special session on what global monetary tightening looks like in Asia. Register now.  

24 June 2022

More from Tom Learmouth

Japan Economics Weekly

Delta may soon peak, Kishida seeks to replace Suga

The government this week expanded state of emergencies to nearly all prefectures and consumers are responding to the surge in virus cases with renewed caution. We’ve therefore pencilled in a renewed fall in consumer spending this quarter. However, there are early signs that the Delta wave is peaking in Tokyo and we still expect a strong rebound in consumption in Q4 as the majority of the population will be vaccinated by then. Meanwhile, former Minister of Foreign Affairs Kishida Fumio will run against PM Suga in next months’ LDP leadership election but his chances of winning are slim.

27 August 2021

Japan Economics Update

Consumer spending to fall across Q3

The latest high-frequency data point to the relentless surge in new coronavirus cases starting to weigh heavily on consumer activity this month. And with full-blown emergency declarations to be expanded to cover around 80% of Japan’s economy from Friday, we now expect consumer spending to fall across Q3 which should cause GDP to once again tread water.

26 August 2021

Japan Chart Book

Strong Q4 still on the cards

With daily cases surging to unprecedented levels and states of emergency extended to mid-September this week, there may not seem to be much light at the end of the tunnel for Japan’s economy. However, we’re cautiously optimistic that a strong recovery is just around the corner. Japan’s vaccine coverage is now not far off the rates seen in DMs where most domestic restrictions have already been “permanently” lifted. PM Suga outlined this week that he’s targeting getting 50% of the population fully vaccinated by the end of this month, and 60% by end-September. The vaccine rollout has progressed rapidly over the past couple of months and is broadly on track to meet those targets. The UK’s vaccination rate was only 53% when the last domestic restrictions were removed in England. Hospitalisations and deaths have remained contained in the UK despite daily cases peaking as high as 50,000-a-day. Even in Singapore – where virus containment measures have been far more heavy-handed than in Japan – domestic and border restrictions are being eased now that the vaccination rate has reached 70%. Japan should get to 70% by around late-October. Even if the Japanese government did wait until then to remove most domestic restrictions, it would still come in time for GDP to rebound strongly next quarter.

20 August 2021
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