Germany Flash Inflation (Nov.)

The increase in German inflation to 6% on the HICP measure was partly due to statistical quirks which should be reversed next month. But even the national CPI measure of inflation rose to 5.2%. However it is measured, inflation has now probably peaked and should fall back a long way next year.
Andrew Kenningham Chief Europe Economist
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European Economics Weekly

Euro-zone GDP barely grew in Q4, inflation risks rise

Data released this week suggest that our assumption that euro-zone GDP rose by 0.2% in Q4 could be too optimistic, but we still think that the economy will grow in Q1. Meanwhile, rapid house price inflation adds to the case for the ECB to, in Jay Powell’s words, start thinking about thinking about raising interest rates.

14 January 2022

European Data Response

German GDP (2021)

Provisional data showing that Germany’s GDP increased by 2.7% last year and news that it shrank in Q4 underlines that its recovery has lagged many of its peers, including the US, France and the UK. We think that German GDP will expand by less than the consensus expects this year too.

14 January 2022

European Economics Update

ECB likely to raise rates to zero in 2023

With pandemic-related inflationary pressures proving a bit more intense and persistent than we had anticipated, and policymakers sounding more willing to tighten policy, we think the ECB is most likely to end net asset purchases in December 2022 and raise its deposit rate to zero by end-2023. Drop-In: Neil Shearing will host an online panel of our senior economists to answer your questions and update on macro and markets this Thursday, 13th January (11:00 ET/16:00 GMT). Register for the latest on everything from Omicron to the Fed to our key calls for 2022. Registration here.

12 January 2022

More from Andrew Kenningham

European Economics Weekly

Rising Covid fears will keep policymakers dovish

It is too early to judge how serious the B.1.1.529 variant will turn out to be, but it certainly reinforces the case for central banks to be ultra-cautious when withdrawing their policy support. We now think that at its next meeting, the ECB will make clear that even if it intends to end net PEPP purchases in March, it stands ready to start them again if needed. That in turn should help to keep bond yields and spreads low. Meanwhile, we are braced for some “shock” inflation numbers next week, but they should mark the peak and inflation is likely to fall quite sharply next year.

26 November 2021

European Data Response

German Ifo Survey (November)

The fall in the Ifo Business Climate Index (BCI) for November was in line with expectations and suggests that the German economy was struggling even before the recent tightening of Covid restrictions. Things will be much worse in December as coronavirus restrictions are tightened further.

24 November 2021

European Economics Update

New Covid restrictions another headwind

Several euro-zone governments have tightened coronavirus rules lately and more measures are on the cards, including in Germany. On the whole, these are set to be less severe than they were earlier this year and have less economic impact. But “lockdowns” in parts of Austria suggest there are big downside risks.

18 November 2021
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