Slower purchase pace in sight, but rate hikes are not

The ECB is likely to use next week’s meeting to prepare the ground for a very gradual reduction in asset purchases under the emergency PEPP. But, taking a leaf out of the Fed’s book, it will stress that this does not mean that rate hikes are getting closer, or even that policy is being tightened. Looking ahead, we think the ECB is most likely to end its PEPP purchases by next March but simultaneously step up its APP purchases. And it will leave its deposit rate unchanged until beyond 2025.

Andrew Kenningham Chief Europe Economist
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European Economics Update

Omicron: implications for the euro-zone

It is still very early days in assessing the effects of the latest Covid variant, but we suspect that Omicron has the capacity to cause a new decline in economic activity in the coming months but that it will probably have a relatively small impact on inflation. Meanwhile, the variant means the ECB is even more likely to maintain some flexibility around its asset purchases beyond next March.

29 November 2021

European Data Response

Germany Flash Inflation (Nov.)

The increase in German inflation to 6% on the HICP measure was partly due to statistical quirks which should be reversed next month. But even the national CPI measure of inflation rose to 5.2%. However it is measured, inflation has now probably peaked and should fall back a long way next year.

29 November 2021

European Data Response

EC Survey (November)

Despite the slight deterioration on the month, November’s EC business and consumer survey showed that economic sentiment in the euro-zone was high before the recent news about the Omicron variant. It also confirmed that consumers’ and firms’ inflation expectations were extremely strong.

29 November 2021

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European Economics Update

ECB may not agree taper until December

The account of the ECB’s July meeting confirms that a minority of Governing Council members objected to the dovish shift in the Bank’s interest rate guidance. Partly because of this, we now think the Bank is more likely to take until December to agree when and how to “taper” its PEPP purchases.

26 August 2021

European Data Response

German Ifo Survey (August)

The second successive decline in the Ifo Business Climate Index in August provides further evidence that Germany’s recovery is losing some momentum, partly due to supply chain difficulties in the manufacturing sector and the Delta variant. That said, GDP should still increase sharply in Q3.

25 August 2021

European Economics Update

Germany’s recovery taking longer than expected

Data published today show that the weakness in German GDP in Q2 was due to the low level of household spending. Consumption should increase sharply in Q3. But with manufacturers struggling, the economy will probably not regain its pre-pandemic size until Q4 this year at the earliest.

24 August 2021
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