Introducing our common inflation expectations index

In a world where the Phillips curve is flat, inflation expectations become the key driver of actual inflation over the medium term. But getting a true handle on inflation expectations is difficult because of the large number of diverse measures that are available. Our new common inflation expectations (CIE) index cuts through the noise by using novel quantitative methods to construct a single unifying monthly measure of medium-term expectations. What we find is that, although expectations are still slightly lower than what is needed for the Fed to hit its 2% inflation target, they have rebounded markedly in recent months and, if that trend continues, it won’t be long before the Fed should start to be concerned about a sustained overshoot in actual inflation.
Paul Ashworth Chief North America Economist
Continue reading

More from US

US Economics Weekly

Fed becoming more hawkish by the day

The continued surge in Omicron infections suggests that the disappointing December activity data will be followed by further weakness in January, but there are no signs that it will delay the Fed’s accelerating plans to tighten policy.

14 January 2022

US Data Response

Industrial Production (Dec.)

The 0.3% m/m decline in manufacturing output is probably a sign that Omicron-related employee absenteeism was already weighing on output by the end of last year. We expect an even bigger hit in January but, assuming that the surge in infections peaks soon, any losses in output should be fully reversed in February and March.

14 January 2022

US Data Response

Retail Sales (Dec.)

The 1.9% plunge in retail sales in December in part reflects what appears to be a problem with seasonal adjustment process around the holidays. The initial Omicron wave appears to have had only a modest impact. Nevertheless, it means fourth-quarter real consumption growth was a more muted 3.5% annualised, rather than the near-5% we were expecting.

14 January 2022

More from Paul Ashworth

US Economics Weekly

Fed officials split; Biden backs infrastructure deal

Fed Chair Jerome Powell stuck to the script in his congressional appearance earlier this week, arguing it was “very, very, unlikely” that the US would experience a return to the high inflation of the 1970s. Elsewhere, President Joe Biden gave his support to a bipartisan infrastructure deal worth $1trn then promptly threatened to veto it too.

25 June 2021

US Chart Book

‘Transitory’ inflation claims look less convincing

The further jump in CPI inflation in May was again driven by a handful of categories most affected by the lifting of pandemic restrictions. But there were also clear signs that inflationary pressures are becoming more widespread, with rent of shelter inflation in the early stages of a cyclical rebound and the jump in food away from home prices a sign that severe labour shortages, and the resulting upward pressure on wages, are starting to feed through. Those trends are much less likely to be transitory, particularly when inflation expectations have continued to trend higher. With the economy still a long way from the Fed’s full employment goal we doubt that officials will be in any rush to bring forward plans for tightening policy. But we suspect the Fed will eventually be forced to admit that higher core inflation will prove more persistent they initially believed.

16 June 2021

US Economics Weekly

Democrats’ spending plans hit by reality check

The Senate Parliamentarian delivered some bad news to the Democrats this week – ruling that they could introduce another reconciliation to the current budget, which would allow them to pass more of President Joe Biden’s spending plans measures with a filibuster-proof simple majority. But she also ruled that any new reconciliation would first have to be approved by the Senate Budget Committee and, since that is split evenly 11-11, the Democrats are left in the hopeless position of trying to convince one of those 11 Republicans to switch sides.

4 June 2021
↑ Back to top