Central Europe to drive a solid recovery

The economies of Emerging Europe are set to bounce back more strongly from the coronavirus crisis than those in many other parts of the world. Central Europe will lead the recovery. Governments have had success in slowing the spread of the virus and, as restrictions continue to be loosened, large fiscal and monetary policy support will underpin a strong rebound in activity. Recoveries will be slower in Turkey and Russia. In Turkey, the recent credit boom will support demand, but the recovery will be held back by the country’s reliance on tourism. And in Russia, the government’s limited fiscal response will increase the risk of long-term scarring on the economy and mean that it takes longer for output to recover.
William Jackson Chief Emerging Markets Economist
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Emerging Europe Economics Weekly

Omicron & tightening cycles, Turkey into the unknown

While a lot is still unknown about the Omicron variant, we don’t think it will prevent central banks from delivering further large interest rate hikes - Poland will be a case in point next week, where we expect a 75bp rate hike. The key exception is Turkey, where the departure of Finance Minister Elvan this week adds to signs that policymakers are not prepared to respond to the recent falls in the lira with an orthodox approach. The currency will remain under pressure and this week’s interventions in the FX market suggest policymakers’ tolerance of a weak lira is being tested. These interventions cannot be sustained and soft capital control may be the next port of call.

3 December 2021

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Turkey & the macro fallout from past “sudden stops”

The history books show that currency crises in other parts of the emerging world in recent decades have resulted in peak-to-trough falls in GDP of around 8% on average and pushed headline inflation up by 25%-pts from its latest trough. The latest crisis in Turkey is likely to result in a downturn that sits towards the milder end of the spectrum and, so long as the lira stabilises, the peak in inflation is likely to be in the region of 25-30% y/y in the next few months.

3 December 2021

Emerging Europe Data Response

Turkey Consumer Prices (Nov.)

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Emerging Europe Data Response

Russia Consumer Prices (Jun.)

The further rise in Russian inflation to a stronger-than-expected 6.5% y/y in June means the central bank (CBR) is likely to up the pace of tightening when it meets in a couple of weeks. A 75bp hike (to 6.25%) seems most likely, but the probability of an even larger 100bp hike has risen.

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EM credit growth: where do the risks lie?

With the (usual) exception of Turkey, the strong rates of credit growth seen in some EMs including Brazil and Korea are unlikely to be sustained as policymakers have already started (or will soon turn to) tightening policy. The bigger concern is the extreme weakness of credit growth in other EMs such as Mexico and the Philippines, which threatens to further hold back economic recoveries.

6 July 2021

Latin America Data Response

Brazil Industrial Production (May)

The 1.4% m/m rise in Brazilian industrial production in May only partially reversed the falls in output in the three preceding months. And while surveys point to a stronger reading in June, the sector was probably a drag on q/q GDP growth over Q2 as a whole.

2 July 2021
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