House prices to benefit from lower mortgage rates

House prices to benefit from lower mortgage rates

With mortgage rates set to drop to 3.8% over the next couple of weeks, and inventory tight, we have edged up our house price forecast and now expect a rise of 3% this year. But a slowing economy and tighter mortgage lending standards argue against a strong acceleration in prices over the next year or so.
Matthew Pointon Senior Property Economist
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US Housing Market Chart Book

Rising mortgage rates will help cool booming prices

Mortgage rates are on the rise and we expect they will see further gains to end the year at around 3.5%. That, alongside relatively tight credit conditions, will help cool rampant house price inflation. From close to 20% y/y in July, we expect a slowdown to 15% y/y by end-2021 and 3% by end-2022. Stretched affordability will also weigh on home sales, although the drop in first-time buyers has at least arrested the fall in inventory. After four months of consecutive falls single-family building permits were unchanged in August. But with lumber prices rising again and shortages of other materials and labour, we don’t expect a strong rise over the remainder of the year. The lack of homes for sale and the reopening of cities have been positives for the rental sector. Vacancy rates are falling and rental growth is picking up, driving strong investor demand and pushing yields to record lows. We expect yields will stay low for the next year at least.

15 October 2021

US Housing Market Update

Will sales of condos continue to outperform?

Sales of condos have been on tear in recent months, with their share in total existing home sales reaching a 14-year high in June. The reopening of cities helps explain that development, and condo sales have also benefitted from comparatively favourable inventory and pricing. With house prices not set to decline and mortgage rates on the rise, demand for relatively affordable condos is set remain high.

7 October 2021

US Housing Market Data Response

Mortgage Applications (Sep.)

Home purchase applications rose for the first time in six months in September, even as mortgage rates increased to a 14-week high by the end of the month. But we expect a further rise in mortgage rates to around 3.5% by the end of this year and, combined with soaring house prices and tight credit conditions, that will weigh on home purchase mortgage demand. We therefore expect home purchase applications will drift lower over the remainder of the year.

6 October 2021

More from Matthew Pointon

US Housing Market Update

What’s driving the surge in rent expectations?

Consumer expectations of rental growth have surged to record highs over the past couple of months. But that appears to reflect optimism around the housing market in general, rather than the rental sector in particular. We therefore doubt actual rental growth will follow expectations to record highs. That said, a rise in demand as cities and offices reopen means rental growth will recover, albeit to a fairly modest 2% y/y by the end of the year.

10 June 2021

US Housing Market Chart Book

Home sales cool and prices will soon follow

Both new and existing home sales dropped back in April and the May pending home sales index points to further declines in existing sales over the next couple of months. House price growth of over 13% y/y and a rise in mortgage rates since the start of the year have stretched affordability and alongside record low inventory that is weighing on housing market activity. But unlike the mid-2000s, we doubt an unsustainable boom in house prices is on the horizon. Credit conditions tightened last year, and we expect only a gradual easing over the coming months. Price growth will therefore soon follow the downturn in home sales. Rental demand is recovering swiftly as the economy has reopened and vacancy rates are now falling. We expect that trend will continue, pushing rental growth up to 2.0% y/y by the end of the year.

8 June 2021

US Housing Market Update

House prices will avoid a dangerous bubble

House price expectations have taken off since the start of the year, and that raises the risk of a self-reinforcing bubble forming. However, there are no signs that lenders are rapidly loosening credit conditions on the back of higher house prices, and that argues against a repeat of a mid-2000s credit cycle. Rather, rising mortgage interest rates, a stabilisation in down payments and stretched affordability mean that house price gains will slow over the second half of the year.

1 June 2021
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