Consumer Prices (Dec.)

While headline inflation rose sharply again in December, we expect it to settle at around 0.5% this year. Higher energy inflation is likely to be offset by weaker underlying price pressures caused by easing capacity shortages.
Tom Learmouth Japan Economist
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Japan Economics Weekly

Omicron restrictions wouldn’t jolt BoJ into action

Even if Omicron proves more transmissible than Delta, its impact on Japan’s economy could vary substantially depending on how deadly it is, how well it evades vaccines, and PM Kishida’s appetite for draconian containment measures. With supply shortages already severe, fresh restrictions on Japanese manufacturers’ global supply chains coupled with a global shift in spending away from services and back towards goods could cause input price pressures to intensify further. However, we doubt any resulting boost to core goods inflation would do much more than simply offset a drag from energy inflation. As such, core inflation would stay well short of the BoJ’s 2.0% target, keeping rate hikes off the table.

3 December 2021

Japan Data Response

Labour Market & Industrial Production (Oct. 2021)

Employment fell sharply again in October despite the lifting of states of emergency declarations at the start of the month. However, it should rebound sharply across November and December in line with the revival in face-to-face service sector activity. And while industrial production only edged up in October, we think it too will rebound more strongly this month and next, potentially approaching its recent April peak in December.

30 November 2021

Japan Data Response

Japan Retail Sales (Oct. 2021)

Retail sales kept rising in October despite another drop in motor vehicles sales. With supply disruptions now starting to ease and mobility picking up, they should continue to increase.

29 November 2021

More from Tom Learmouth

Bank of Japan Watch

Asset purchases to remain low but rates on hold

At its June meeting we think the Bank of Japan may extend the deadline on its emergency lending facility from September to December. Beyond that point, it should further taper its purchases of short-dated debt as it digs in for a prolonged hold.

11 June 2021

Japan Data Response

Japan Wages (Apr.) & GDP (Revised Q1 2021)

While the marked acceleration in wage growth in April was largely down to favourable base effects, we think wage growth will remain strong throughout this year as the labour market tightens and overtime hours recover further as vaccines allow the domestic economy to fully reopen. Meanwhile, the upward revision to Q1 GDP and further rise in working hours in April suggests that the economy may have been a little more resilient than many were expecting in the first half of the year.

8 June 2021

Japan Data Response

Japan Retail Sales & Industrial Production (Apr. 2021)

The sharp fall in retail sales and weaker than expected rise in industrial production in April suggests the economy was subdued even before states of emergency were declared, supporting our view that the economy won’t have rebounded from its weak Q1 this quarter.

31 May 2021
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