Europe

Emerging Europe

Poland Activity Data (Sep.)

The latest activity data suggest that Poland’s economy ended Q3 with solid momentum, and GDP is likely to have risen by 1.6% q/q (4.7% y/y) in Q3 as a whole. But with the re-opening boost fading and supply issues likely to take a bigger toll on industry, we think that growth will slow further in Q4.

21 October 2021

Near-term recovery to face stronger headwinds

The region has experienced a rapid recovery, but the re-opening boost has now faded and the region is likely to face stronger headwinds in the near term due to surging COVID-19 cases, rising inflation and supply disruptions. Central European economies are vulnerable to shortages of key production inputs in the auto sector and low vaccine coverage countries such as Russia, Romania and Ukraine look most at risk of imposing tighter containment measures. Inflation is likely to remain stubbornly high over the coming months and central banks are likely to continue their front-loaded tightening cycles well into next year.

20 October 2021

Supply shortages take their toll

The supply shortages that have affected many DMs have also intensified in emerging economies over the past couple of months. The automotive sector has been hit hard by global semiconductor shortages, weighing on recoveries in Mexico, Czechia and Hungary in particular. More broadly, EM manufacturers are struggling to meet new orders, causing backlog of works to increase. Meanwhile, recent power shortages have weighed on recoveries in China, India and Brazil. As shortages continue, they are likely to not just weigh on growth, but also add to upward pressure to core inflation. That will probably keep central banks in Latin America and Central Europe in particular in tightening mode.

18 October 2021
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Lower valuations may not help EM equities outperform

We don’t think the low valuations of emerging market (EM) equity indices relative to those of developed markets (DMs) is reason to expect EM equities to outperform over the next couple of years.

Baltic States brush off pandemic’s economic hit

GDP in the Baltic States has already surpassed pre-pandemic levels and we expect this strength to be sustained, with growth outpacing Central Europe and the euro-zone as a whole over the coming years. This strong recovery will use up spare capacity fairly quickly and fuel higher inflation. The main risk is that these economies overheat, causing macro imbalances to build.

Erdogan playing with fire, Russia’s commodity boom

After putting the final nails in the coffin of the Turkish central bank's credibility with last month's surprise interest rate cut, the grave started to be dug this week with the firing of three MPC members. Further large interest rate cuts seem increasingly likely and the lira is heading in only one direction - the risk of a balance of payments crisis akin to that in 2018 will mount. Meanwhile, Russia's balance sheets have improved markedly in recent months amid the surge in global commodity prices, but we think any additional boost from loose fiscal policy will be limited and the factors supporting the ruble are likely to turn into slight headwinds next year.

Israel Consumer Prices (Sep.)

The further rise in Israeli inflation to 2.5% y/y in September contained no major surprises and we think it will ease towards the lower end of the central bank’s 1-3% target next year. Even so, with the recovery motoring on and the central bank eager to rein in policy support, a small rate hike next year looks likely.

Car woes to weigh on recoveries in Mexico & CEE

The supply constraints that have hit global vehicle output have probably reduced the level of GDP by a modest 0.1-0.2% in most EM auto producers, but some countries like Czechia, Hungary and Mexico have suffered much bigger blows. And the drag from vehicle production is likely to persist for some time yet.

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