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Brazil & Chile Consumer Prices (Jun.)

The further rise in Brazilian inflation, to 8.3% y/y, means Copom will continue to hike when it meets next month. But the data are not quite enough to prompt a shift from 75bp hikes to a larger 100bp move. Meanwhile, with Chilean core inflation continuing to run above target and optimism about the economy growing, we now think the central bank will start its tightening cycle when it meets next week.
William Jackson Chief Emerging Markets Economist
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Latin America Economics Weekly

Petro reaction, Lula’s plans, hawkish central banks

Gustavo Petro’s win in Colombia’s presidential election has caused tremors in the country’s financial markets. While the appointment of a centrist finance minister could help to settle investors’ nerves, the global backdrop is turning increasingly unfavourable. In Brazil, Lula, the front-runner in the race for the presidency, unveiled policy plans that will, likewise, probably unnerve investors around the election there in October. Finally, the week was marked by further hawkish noises from central banks in the region. We’ve revised up our interest rate profile in Brazil and the upside risks to our interest rate forecast in Mexico are growing.

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Latin America Economics Update

Banxico’s tightening cycle shifts up a gear

The Mexican central bank’s shift to a 75bp interest rate hike yesterday (to 7.75%) and the hawkish language in the accompanying statement make another 75bp move at the next meeting in August a done deal. And the risks to our end-2022 interest rate forecast of 9.50%, which is already higher than most expect, are now skewed to the upside.

24 June 2022

Latin America Economics Update

Copom: revisiting the 2015-16 playbook

The latest Brazilian central bank communications give a strong signal that, when Copom stops hiking interest rates, it will act in a similar way to the end of the last tightening cycle in 2015. The lesson from that period is that rates will be kept high for a long time and, when an easing cycle begins, it will start very slowly. As a result, we have pushed some of the interest rate cuts in our profile from 2023 to 2024. We now expect the Selic rate to end next year at 11.00% (our previous forecast was 8.50%) and are sticking to our end-24 forecast of 7.50% (versus a current Selic rate of 13.25%).

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More from William Jackson

Emerging Europe Data Response

Russia Consumer Prices (Jun.)

The further rise in Russian inflation to a stronger-than-expected 6.5% y/y in June means the central bank (CBR) is likely to up the pace of tightening when it meets in a couple of weeks. A 75bp hike (to 6.25%) seems most likely, but the probability of an even larger 100bp hike has risen.

7 July 2021

Emerging Markets Economics Update

EM credit growth: where do the risks lie?

With the (usual) exception of Turkey, the strong rates of credit growth seen in some EMs including Brazil and Korea are unlikely to be sustained as policymakers have already started (or will soon turn to) tightening policy. The bigger concern is the extreme weakness of credit growth in other EMs such as Mexico and the Philippines, which threatens to further hold back economic recoveries.

6 July 2021

Latin America Data Response

Brazil Industrial Production (May)

The 1.4% m/m rise in Brazilian industrial production in May only partially reversed the falls in output in the three preceding months. And while surveys point to a stronger reading in June, the sector was probably a drag on q/q GDP growth over Q2 as a whole.

2 July 2021
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